So we know we exist in a world where traditional news media plays a lessened but still relevant role in our lives. The accessibility of television still reaches the entire country, and it is easy to understand why it is the default way which we can access presidential addresses, press releases, and news on major events. How does new media fit into this paradigm? Does social media and the variety of online content serve the same purpose or function the same way?
This is difficult to determine, because it’s hard to find where the line is drawn between “news media” and all other forms. A producer of news is often no longer a journalist; During elections bloggers update us from the campaign trail, and during times of crisis citizen reporters on the ground in that region serve as a critical source of information.
Even when journalists are a part of the new media outlets, they may use the same device to publish their information: for example, on Twitter. In the sports world this is readily apparent. The tweets of athletes and beat reporters make the headlines and are where news first breaks. What’s unique is this news inhabits the same space as everyday social interaction. At noon a sports writer could mention his fabulous lunch or respond informally to one of his readers, and 3 hours later he could break the news of a blockbuster trade. Same user, same website, same page, but radically different content.
Let’s think of this another way: how do we get information from troubled parts of the world during a crisis? In 1989 during the protests in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, how did we figure out what was happening on the ground? How did we reach the protestors? America was confined to long, panning shots of tanks and demonstrations, with History Channel specials in the years to come. Contrast this with the Arab Spring and revolution in Egypt. Yes, we were able to imbed some reporters under great duress, but throughout the entire event it was ordinary Egyptian citizens getting the word out through any means necessary: to each other, and to the world. For example, this CNN blog (and several others like it) served as the primary means by which to keep abreast of the situation; the authors would collate and condense thousands of any relevant Egyptian tweets, Facebook postings, and blog entries for Americans (http://news.blogs.cnn.com/2011/01/28/clashes-erupt-in-cairo-elbaradei-told-to-stay-put-cnn-camera-confiscated/ ). There was no delay and no montage of censored days-old footage on the evening news. This example of new media was live, raw, and unfiltered.
By Joe Hronek
So what is the current state of news media? To a certain extent we are all aware of the situation because this is the era in which we live. It is common knowledge that twitter and blogging are popular, that print news and of 6:30pm broadcasts are in decline, and that these companies are scrambling to remain relevant. This is supported by research: Twitter averages 1 Billion Tweets per week ; here we can see the decline in newspaper usage: http://imageshack.us/photo/my-images/638/whoreadsnewspaper.jpg/ ; and here we can see the decline in broadcast viewership: http://imageshack.us/photo/my-images/714/eveningnewsaudiencecont.png/ .
I do not think traditional media will be disappearing anytime soon. So far newspaper outlets have been able to adapt somewhat by transporting their content online: http://imageshack.us/photo/my-images/827/adrevenues.jpg/ . Cable news has worked out its own niche in the market, but broadcast news viewers still vastly outnumber that of cable outlets by millions .
It is clear that we currently consume news in a hybrid form; we use both traditional and new sources. I think what helps inform our predictions for the future is very recent trends in the developing or non-Western world. The Arab Spring and unrest in the Middle East is a perfect example of this. Also, the structure of our media speaks volumes of our culture, and this can better inform how we act going forward. If non-traditional news media fosters democratic participation in our society, we might want to increase its use for that end.
This is also serving as a show and tell for this class.
Recently creates is Storify, a website that allows users to tell a story through Tweets, Facebook posts, other social media posts and original content. Just last week, Storify was used to tell the stunning story of the tornado disaster in Joplin, Missouri. The author, Steve Streza, used tweets, pictures, videos and blurbs from other news websites to show the devastation in Joplin.
All of the different places on Twitter and news websites, photos and videos taken from different people are all seen in one story. It is a very powerful way to convey one story that canvasses an incredibly wide range of opinions, view points and perspectives from all across the world.
We all thought Twitter was huge. It gave us all ways to express short opinions and share stories in the same place. Storify takes it a step further. All of those thoughts we would have to click on individual profiles, pages or links — across different online and social media platforms — can all be seen on one place.
If used well, there are no limits to the advantages of using Storify to tell the news of any given day.
As a group, we would be remiss if we did not mention the effect of Twitter on news in the future. It’s been pretty obvious through class discussions, our media-free assignments and probably everyday life that Twitter has become a HUGE force in the future of presenting the news.
Various articles have been written analyzing Twitter’s staying power, effectiveness and popularity. It’s obvious that Twitter has emerged at the forefront of news in the 21st century and beyond. When news of Osama bin Laden’s death broke, it was later reported that Twitter was flowing at a rate of 5,000 tweets per second!
As recently as this week, news broke of singer Sean Kingston being in the hospital with injuries sustained in a jet ski accident. The first place I heard the news was Twitter. Sean Kingston’s name was a “trending topic,” meaning it was popping up in more tweets than just about anything else across the Twitterverse. Even though the news did not break on Twitter, the tweets helped the news spread quicker than it otherwise would have, which is the point of the medium.
Those examples show that people look to Twitter for news. Heck, there is even a Twitter account titled ‘breaking news‘ that reports news stories from the first reliable source as they happen. “Breaking News” takes articles from other sources and re-posts them to its followers. It’s the latest in news gathering, and it’s the topic of my next post.